Fin du Siècle: 1950-1999

The 1950’s saw a major push in the support of consumer goods and concern about education and traditional American values and family.  It was an era of change and warfare, but nonetheless, it is probably one of the greatest times in American History.

1954:  Brown v. Board of Education is handed down by the US Supreme Court with a unanimous (9-0) decision.  In this decision, it was declared that “separate education facilities are inherently unequal.”  This landmark victory paved the way for both mortal and Kindred alike to engage in the public arena with a greater presence.  African-American Kindred would soon be able to gain higher standing in the more political Covenants as well – particularly those that dealt with mortal society.

1955:  A Cold War-era military conflict occurs in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia between North and South Vietnam.  This is supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries.  The major push for the Civil Rights Movement began on December 1st, 1955 when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person.

1956:  Browder v. Gayle took effect, leading to a US Supreme Court decision that declare the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.

1960:  John F. Kennedy is elected as the first Roman Catholic President of the United States, prompting a major revival among the Monachal Creed of the Lancea Sanctum.

1961:  The Bay of Pigs invasion under JFK saw a radical shift in the training of the American Military forces as counter-revolutionary militia are trained and funded by the CIA.  This drastic change in military training and techniques helped to propel a change in how the American Kindred (particularly the OD, Invictus and Carthians) engaged in military battle.  A group of Invictus Spina train in this new counter-revolutionary militia, moving the American Invictus into a period of transition and modern warfare abilities.

1962:  The Cuban Missile Crisis escalates as one of the major turning points in the Cold War on October 16-28.  With the failure of the US to overthrow the Cuban regime, Nikita Khrushchev met with Fidel Castro in July to reach a secret agreement to begin constructing several missile sites.  It became one of the first documented instances of the threat of mutual assured destruction.  On October 28th, Kennedy and Krushchev reached a public agreement where the Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba and return them back to the Soviet Union.  In exchange, the US would agree publically that it would never invade Cuba.

During this time, the Kindred of the United States began preparing for the possibility of a nuclear war, realizing that in this situation, they would not survive.  A number of the Circle of Crone immigrated from Cuba and other areas around Cuba into the northern part of the United States.  It would become one of the largest influxes of the Circle of Crone and other Covenants and Clans since the Irish immigration.

1963:  John F. Kennedy is assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, TX.  No Kindred were involved in the assassination.

1964:  The election of Johnson marked a stunning turn of American society under the Great Society programs.  Civil rights, Medicare, welfare reform, federal aid, arts and humanities, environmental activism and anti-poverty programs received major attention and funding.  This resulted in a resurgence of the Carthian Movement, Lancea Sanctum, and Ordo Dracul who now could cash in on the education program reforms.  Ken Kesey and his Merry Pranksters take their psychedelic school bus ride across the United States, promoting the “beat generation.”

1965:  LSD becomes a mainstream drug as bands and musicians begin incorporating it into their lyrics.  In the US, this becomes a major benefit from Kindred, who are able to feed on users and receive the “high” that LSD creates.

1966:  The formation of the National Organization for Women (NOW) encouraged females to begin taking a more active role in many of the Covenants across the United States – notably the Carthian Movement and the Invictus.

1967:  128 American cities suffered 164 race-related riots.  Cesar Chavez began organizing poorly paid Mexican-American farm workers in California, several of which were Kindred who had migrated from the poorer areas of Mexico in pursuit of the American Dream.  Over the five year long strike by the grape pickers, a clash occurred among the Americans who owned the land rights versus the Mexican American Kindred who supported Chavez’s strike.  The events (Kindred and mortal) led to the first successful union of farm workers – which would later become the United Farm Workers of America.

On Jan 14th of this year, the Human Be-In in San Francisco organized by Michael Bowen brought to the attention of the world the concept of “Counterculture.”  That summer, over 100,000 young people across the world came to San Francisco to celebrate the Summer of Love.  Many of these individuals were young Kindred who were celebrating a time of major change in the world.  These individuals were dubbed as “flower children” and “hippies”.  That summer also saw the formation of the Conspiracy known as “The Band”.

1968:  The Tet Offensive occurs, stunning the US and Southern Vietnam forces.  Following this and a number of other actions, attempts at peace were made.  Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated.  While the world mourned his death, no Kindred were involved in the assassination.    The same year, the Women’s Rights Movement becomes the major social revolution.  A small faction of women attempted to create a Conspiracy based around the Women’s Rights Movements at the time.  The Conspiracy was short lived due to the major success of the Women’s Rights Movements.

1969:  An Invictus-funded expedition to the moon by Apollo 11 led to the United States winning the Space Race.   Richard Nixon becomes president of the United States.  The Conspiracy known as “One Five” is founded.

1972:  Richard Nixon is elected to his second presidency despite the potential scandal surrounding Watergate.  That same year, a security guard at the Watergate Complex led to a grand jury indictment against a number of high ranking officials.  It was publically revealed that one of the burglars was a Republican Party security aide.  On August 1st, a $25,000 cashier’s check for Nixon’s re-election campaign was found in the account of one of the burglars.  A number of investigations revealed a great deal of bank and personal checks that had been illegally deposited and funded.

1973:  The Watergate Scandal catches on like wildfire as it becomes apparent that the scandal has spread well beyond Washington DC.  Outside of Capitol Hill, a number of Kindred on all sides were involved, having given money to the Nixon re-election fund, as well as assisted in funneling money into illegal funds.   The United States withdrew its troops from Vietnam before the Paris Peace Accords.  Détente was declared between the USSR and the United States citing China as a common bond between the two Superpowers.  The US Draft is ended.

1974:  A grand jury in Washington DC indicted several former aides of President Nixon – the “Watergate 7”.  That same year, Nixon resigns on August 8th.

1976:  Amid a low morale towards the Government, a Southerner sweeps the election, becoming the first individual to be elected from the South since the Civil War.  Jimmy Carter works to create the US Department of Energy and the US Department of Education.

1978:  Carter mediated the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Isreal, ending the state of war that had existed between those two countries since 1967.

1979:  Stagnation within the economy and high inflation created “stagflation”.  Carter placed blame on the crisis of confidence among the American people, damaging his reelection bid.  Carter revives the Army registration for 18 year old males and considers reviving the draft after the loss of many soldiers.  Iranian militants seized the American embassy in the Iranian hostage crisis, taking 52 Americans hostage and demanding Shah Mohammad Reza Rahlavi  be returned back to Iran for trial and execution.  The hostage crisis lasts for 444 days.

1980:  Ronald Reagan wins the presidency against Jimmy Carter.  He puts in place several oil deregulation policies which led to the 1980s oil glut.    He also met with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, signing the INF treaty and ending the Cold War.  This led to an influx of Russian Kindred in the US.  The presidential election of 1980 was a key turning point in American politics.  It signaled the new electoral power of the suburbs, the middle class, and the “religious right.”  The Lancea Sanctum gained power in the United States, followed by the Carthian movement, who capitalized on anti-poverty programs and affirmative action support.

1983:  The US successfully invades a Communist regime.   Grenada was invaded under Operation Urgent Fury.  Pro-Marxist/Leninist leanings spread across the United States particularly among the more political Kindred.  With the American military invading many of the island countries, displaced members of the Circle of Crone began moving into the Sun Belt.  Ordo Dracul libraries were summarily burnt down and razed by Belial’s Brood, who capitalized on this political instability.

1985:  Reagan authorizes the sale of arms in Iran in an attempt to free US Hostages in Iran (Iran-Contra affair).

1987:  Ronald Reagan encourages Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.  The second largest stock market crash occurs – a number of Invictus and Lancea Sanctum lose hundreds of thousands of dollars in investments.  The Carthian Movement capitalizes on this, becoming the richest Covenant in the United States.

1988:  George H.W. Bush ascends to the presidency.

1989:  The Berlin Wall comes down.  Panama is invaded and Manual Noriega is captured and put on trial.

1991:  The Gulf War begins with the US expelling the Iraqi forces from Kuwait.  The Soviet Union collapses and breaks apart.

1992:  Bill Clinton is elected.  The Los Angeles race riots occurred after 4 LA Police officers were acquitted of beating Rodney King.  The race riots were both Kindred and mortal.  On August 24th, Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in South Florida, displacing a number of Kindred in the Southern Florida area.  This would be one of the costliest US natural disasters.

1993:  Al-Qaeda attacks U.S. home soil, detonating a bomb at the World Trade Center in New York City.  The nation is put on alert.  Travel becomes difficult for Kindred as measures are put into place to ensure the safety of the Nation.  No Kindred are involved in these attacks.

1994:  A federal government shutdown occurs following a budget crisis when the Republicans regain control of Congress.  The 1994 Assault Weapons Ban is enacted by the Clinton administration.

1995:  The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is destroyed in a bombing by Timothy McVeigh.  No Kindred were involved in the bombing.

1996:  A homemade bomb is detonated at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia resulting in the deaths of 2 people and injuring over 100.  While Kindred were present at the Olympics, none were involved in the actions or injured.  President Clinton enacted a number of legislations pursuing tough anti-crime measures and a war on drugs.  This heavy enforcement impacted Kindred by causing much of their means of gaining money to become tied up in either political bureaucracy, or simply non-existent as mortal contacts dried up out of fear of discovery

1998:  Clinton is impeached following the Lewinsky scandal, followed by an acquittal later that year.  The Dot-Com bubble begins as a number of companies are formed as venture capital businesses and using initial public offerings of stock to pay their expenses.  Kindred of all Covenants capitalize on this, creating a number of profitable ventures.