Foundation: 1800-1860

1803:  Thomas Jefferson approves the expedition into French-held territory west of the Mississippi.   Later that year, the French would sell it to the newly formed United States for $15,000,000.

1804:  Lewis and Clark begin their famed expedition into the Louisiana Purchase.

1808:  News begins to filter to the United States of Carthian Coffeehouses led by Francisca deGraaf.

1812:  The first public members of the Carthian Movement make their appearance in the wake of the War of 1812.  Many of these individuals are the disenfranchised member of the Invictus and Lancea Sanctum.

1815:  The British defeat by Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans is supported by a number of Kindred, notable the new Carthian Movement and members of the Ordo Dracul.

1816:  The Invictus regains a major foothold in the Americas with the re-emergence of the Federalist Party.  With the Era of Good Feelings well into swing, many conflicts between the Carthians and the Invictus are on hold as the eyes of the world begin turning westward across the world.

1823:  The Monroe Doctrine codified the US opinions on foreign policy, creating a major rift among the Kindred of the Old World and the Kindred of the New World.

1842:  Elijah White and his party would begin their trek across the states, eventually ending up in Oregon

1843:  A coterie of fifteen Kindred left Kansas with the Montrose party.  The mortal ex-preacher Esau Montrose was fleeing from debts incurred and needed funding for his escape – This funding was provided by a number of young Kindred who were anxious to escape the yokes of their Sires (Ancient Bloodlines, page 110). This was the first known encounter with the Sta-Au, the Cruel Ones.  Much of Wyoming is deemed uninhabitable as Kindred are warned away from the Northern United States.

1830:  Congress passes the Indian Removal Act, resulting in the forcible removal of territory of the Native Americans for lands west of the Mississippi.  This act of Congress caused an uproar among Native American Kindred (particularly the Circle of Crone) and many of the Lancea Sanctum who had made significant headways into the Native American populations.

In a rare few years of cooperation, the two Covenants worked together to help support the Native American populations – even though they lacked the political abilities to change the laws, they were able to provide assistance as the Native Americans were forced along the Trail of Tears.

1840:  Abolition begins in full swing with the Second Great Awakening.  Many of the Invictus were plantation owners, which caused a great deal of conflict among both anti-Invictus Kindred as well as anti-slavery supporters.  Many anti-slavery supporters aided and supported the Abolitionism movement, pooling resources to help free slaves.

1848:  Mexico cedes its territory.  The conflict over slavery becomes a major issue among all of the Covenants as a number of the Kindred are slave owners beyond just the Invictus.    The Seneca Falls Convention occurs, beginning the women’s suffrage movement.  A number of Kindred are present at this event.

1849:  The discovery of gold in California sparks the great gold rush and creates a frenzy of movement across the United States.

1850: The Compromise of 1850 is brokered by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas.  California is admitted as a free state and the Fugitive Slave Act is put into place, much to the chagrin of anti-slavery activists.

1857:  Dred Scott v. Sandford makes slavery legal everywhere.

1860:  Abraham Lincoln wins the presidential election.

1861:  Seven Southern states secede from the Union and establish the Confederate States of America.  These states are joined by four more after Lincoln calls for troops to suppress the Confederacy in April of 1861.  Several middle states refuse to choose sides and become Border States.  This conflict would result in a suppression of the Covenant system in support of North versus South Conspiracies.